What to know about glaucoma

Sep 25, 2021, in Uncategorized by admin

Glaucoma is really less a specific disease more than it is a collection of diseases that impacts the optic nerve in your eye, building up fluid over time and damaging your vision. In fact, Glaucoma is the leading form of blindness in people all around the world.

Today, we’re going to discuss why it’s so important to get your eyes checked regularly and what some of the things are that you can do to mitigate its effects. Let’s jump right in.

No warning signs

The thing that’s most frustrating about glaucoma is that it can come on suddenly and without warning. Without emergency treatment blindness can be a consequence. There are two ways it can manifest itself – closed angle and open angle.

Closed angle glaucoma is the most concerning variation. It happens when the iris is close to a person’s drainage angle. If it becomes blocked the pressure in your eye will increase significantly. If you’re experiencing halos or rainbow rings around lights, extremely blurred vision, pain, nausea, vomiting or a headache – seek out treatment immediately.

Open-angle glaucoma is far more common and happens gradually over time. Rather than a total blockage, the drainage angle itself becomes clogged. You won’t experience pain and problems will only increase gradually but they can still be significant. If it goes untreated, you can find yourself experiencing peripheral vision loss and ‘tunnel vision.’

Everyone is at risk

Anyone can develop glaucoma at any time. Older people are more susceptible, but it can impact even babies and young adults. African Americans tend to be particularly at risk – as six to eight times more African Americans are afflicted with the disease as opposed to white people. Hispanic and asian people are also at higher risk.

There is no cure

Unfortunately, there is no cure for glaucoma. The good news is that with treatment, vision loss can be mitigated and eye pressure can be prevented. However, any vision loss that has already occurred cannot be restored.

At the end of the day, the only way to diagnose and treat glaucoma is through getting regular, ongoing and comprehensive eye examinations. For more information, be sure to consult your private physician and ophthalmologist.